The Aramaic language has fewer consonants than Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to existing letters in order to avoid ambiguities. Further diacritics indicating short vowels were introduced, but are only generally used to ensure the Qur’an was read aloud without mistakes. There are two main types of written Arabic: Classical Arabic – the language of the Qur’an and classical literature. It differs from Modern Standard Arabic mainly in style and vocabulary, some of which is archaic. All Muslims are expected to recite the Qur’an in the original language, however many rely on translations in order to understand the text.
North Korean Women in China ‘Were Sold Without Their Knowledge’
He added that the government was keeping silent about the killings and ongoing oppression in East Turkestan. Another political punctuation point in the campaign occurred on July 1. In Daily Sabah, illustrated with a picture of a crowd holding up an effigy of a bloody baby, with a weeping woman and the blue East Turkestan flag, appeared the headline:
Feb 15, · Mair claims that “the earliest mummies in the Tarim Basin were exclusively Caucasoid, or Europoid” with east Asian migrants arriving in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin around 3, years ago while the Uyghur peoples arrived around the year
Screen grab of China’s Rela dating site app. Rela China appears to have shuttered the lesbian app Rela, prompting some to wonder if the move is a part of state censorship of LBGT rights following a ruling in Taiwan earlier this paving the way for same-sex marriages. The company said in a brief statement on its official account on the social media platform Sina Weibo that it had temporarily suspended the app for “important adjustments to the service.
Weibo users hit back at the app’s disappearance, although many said they believed it would make a comeback. Last month, China’s Cyberspace Administration shuttered gay dating app Zank, saying it had broadcast “pornographic content. But rights groups welcomed the landmark ruling, and called on other governments in the region to follow suit. In April , a court in the central Chinese province of Hunan rejected a complaint filed by a gay man against the government for refusing his application to marry his male partner.
Sun Wenlin, 26, had filed the historic complaint against the Furong district civil affairs bureau in Hunan’s provincial capital Changsha, after officials from the bureau refused to allow him and his partner Hu Mingliang to register their marriage there. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.
Contested history[ edit ] The history of the Uyghur people , as with the ethnic origin of the people, is an issue of contention between Uyghur nationalists and the Chinese authority. Uyghur politician and historian Muhemmed Imin Bughra wrote in his book A history of East Turkestan, stressing the Turkic aspects of his people, that the Turks have a year history, while historian Turgun Almas incorporated discoveries of Tarim mummies to conclude that Uyghurs have over years of history,  and the World Uyghur Congress claimed a 4, year history.
Discovered well-preserved Tarim mummies of a people European in appearance indicates the migration of an Indo-European people into the Tarim area at the beginning of the Bronze age around 2, BCE. These people probably spoke Tocharian , and were suggested by some to be the Yuezhi mentioned in ancient Chinese text and who later founded the Kushan Empire.
China appears to have shuttered the lesbian app Rela, prompting some to wonder if the move is a part of state censorship of LBGT rights following a ruling in Taiwan earlier this paving the way for.
Militants from an al-Qaida splinter group held a military parade in their stronghold in northeastern Syria, displaying U. Militants from the splinter group held a military parade in their stronghold in northeastern Syria, displaying U. The United Nations warned that Iraq is at a “crossroads” and appealed for restraint, as a bloody four-day wave of violence killed people. Iraq’s new parliament is expected to convene to start the process of setting up a new government, despite deepening political rifts and an ongoing Islamist-led insurgency.
The fighting at Beiji comes as Iraq has asked the U. In the week since it captured Iraq’s second-largest city, Mosul, a Muslim extremist group has tried to win over residents and has stopped short of widely enforcing its strict brand of Islamic law, residents say. Churches remain unharmed and street cleaners are back at work He did not provide any detail of the alleged plots. The claim comes after Mr Chunxian announced on Tuesday that militants from Xinjiang who travelled to fight with Isis were arrested on their return to China.
A group of Uighur women outside a mosque in Kashgar, farwest China’s Xinjiang region, November Uighur groups say police have used indiscriminate deadly force against people protesting the government’s policies in the region. The Global Times, a newspaper affiliated with the ruling Communist Party, said in December that about Chinese are fighting alongside Isis in territories under their control.
Raffaello Pantucci, a London-based terrorism researcher at the defence think tank Royal United Services Institute, said it was possible that people from Xinjiang had fought in Syria and Iraq and with Isis.
Muslims in China say they are being told to hand over Qurans or face ‘harsh punishments’
Uyghur blacksmiths at work. Throughout its history, the term Uyghur has taken on an increasingly expansive definition. Initially signifying only a small coalition of Tiele tribes in Northern China, Mongolia, and the Altai Mountains , it later denoted citizenship in the Uyghur Khaganate.
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Play media Uyghur blacksmiths at work. Yengisar , Xinjiang , China Throughout its history, the term Uyghur has taken on an increasingly expansive definition. Initially signifying only a small coalition of Tiele tribes in Northern China, Mongolia, and the Altai Mountains , it later denoted citizenship in the Uyghur Khaganate. Finally, it was expanded into an ethnicity whose ancestry originates with the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in the year , which caused Uyghur migration from Mongolia into the Tarim Basin.
This migration assimilated and replaced the Indo-European speakers of the region to create a distinct identity as the language and culture of the Turkic migrants eventually supplanted the original Indo-European influences. This fluid definition of Uyghur and the diverse ancestry of modern Uyghurs create confusion about what constitutes true Uyghur ethnography and ethnogenesis. Contemporary scholars consider modern Uyghurs to be the descendants of a number of people, including the ancient Uyghurs of Mongolia who arrived at the Tarim Basin after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate, Iranic Saka tribes, and other Indo-European peoples who inhabited the Tarim Basin before the arrival of the Turkic Uyghurs.
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Though the ETIM/TIP network on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border has been much weakened in recent years in the wake of the killing of many of its top leaders in US drone attacks, hardcore Uyghur militants are still shuttling between China and Pakistan, mainly because Xinjiang province shares a .
Piri Reis map of Antarctica — Antarctica ice free! Posted on by AD Admin In , a group of historians found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin. Research showed that it was a genuine document drawn in by Piri Reis, a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. His passion was cartography. Piri Reis high rank within the Turkish navy allowed him to have a privileged access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople.
The Turkish admiral admits, in a series of notes on the map, that he compiled and copied the data from a large number of source maps, some of which dated back to the fourth century BC or earlier. The northern coastline of Antarctica is perfectly detailed. The most puzzling however is not so much how the Piri Reis Antarctica map managed to so accurate years before it was discovered, but that the map shows the real coastline under the ice.
Geological evidence confirms that the latest date Queen Maud Land could have been charted in an ice-free state is BC. On 6th July the U. Air Force responded to Prof. Hapgood of Keene College, specifically to his request for an evaluation of the ancient Piri Reis Map:
China punishes Xinjiang official for refusing to smoke near Muslim elders
Geonyms[ edit ] The original name of the city is unknown. The form Turfan while it is older than Turpan , was not used until the middle of the 2nd millennium CE and its use became widespread only in the post-Mongol period. Some of these names have also referred to more than one place: Turpan has long been the centre of a fertile oasis with water provided by the karez canal system and an important trade centre.
It was historically located along the Silk Road.
Rebiya Kadeer, an exiled Uighur leader in the States, and her World Uyghur Congress (W.U.C.) were accused of being behind the attack, as, it seems, they are of everything that goes wrong in Xinjiang.
A few weeks ago I pointed to new data based on DNA extraction which really confuses the picture of how Europe was populated over the past 25, years. It seems the more data we get, the more interesting things get. Where in the s there was only the mitchondrial Eve story, by the year there was enough to go around for several books. These scientists and writers knew that striking fast was imperative. Though some broad models remain robust in the face of data, consider the hypothesis of a recent expansion of our species out of Africa, in the details there are many complications of simple narratives.
Spencer Wells had a good story to tell in The Journey of Man. Genetics does not support the Soultrean hypothesis. But big coarse models are often in for some trouble. The idea that Central Asians gave rise to Europeans and East Asians may be one of those hypotheses which was too elegant for reality. For example, Inferring human colonization history using a copying model: Genome-wide scans of genetic variation can potentially provide detailed information on how modern humans colonized the world but require new methods of analysis.